Lutherans are Christians who accept the teachings of Martin Luther (1483 – 1546). Luther was a German theologian who realized that there were significant differences between what he read in the Bible and the practices of the Roman Catholic church at that time. On October 31, 1517, he posted a challenge on the door of Wittenberg University, titled “95 Theses” (to debate 95 theological issues). His hope was that the church would reform its practice and preaching to be more consistent with the Word of God as contained in the Bible.
What started as an academic debate escalated into a distinct separation between the Roman Catholic church of the time and those who accepted Luther’s suggested reforms. “Lutheran” became the name of the group that agreed with Luther’s convictions.
Today, nearly five centuries later, Lutherans still celebrate the Reformation on October 31 and still hold to the basic principles of Luther’s theological teachings, such as Grace alone, faith alone, Scripture alone. These comprise the very essence of Lutheranism:
Lutherans accept two Sacraments as God-given means for penetrating the lives of people with His grace. Although they are not the only means of God’s self-revelation, Baptism and Holy Communion are visible acts of God’s love.
In Baptism, and especially evident in infant Baptism, God freely offers His grace and lovingly establishes a new community. It is in Baptism that people become members of Christ’s Body on earth, the Church. In Holy Communion – often called the Lord’s Supper or the Eucharist – those who come to the table receive in bread and wine the body and blood of their Lord. This gift is itself the real presence of God’s forgiveness and mercy, nourishing believers in union with their Lord and with each other. On the Saturday morning before each Baptism Sunday, parents and sponsors will participate in Baptism Orientation with the pastors. Please contact the church office 770-487-8717 as soon as you select a date for the baptism.
Holy Communion is celebrated at all weekend worship services. All who are baptized and believe Christ is truly present in the bread and wine are welcome to share in our Lord’s Supper. Grape juice and gluten free wafers are available.
Over the years, different Lutheran church bodies have been established and organized to meet the needs of Lutherans in communities and nations all over the world. The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America is the largest Lutheran group in North America, founded in 1988 when three North American Lutheran church bodies united: The American Lutheran Church, the Association of Evangelical Lutheran Churches and the Lutheran Church in America. For more information on the ELCA, click here.
Lutherans are part of a reforming movement within the whole Christian church; as a part of practicing their faith, the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America and its predecessors have engaged in ecumenical dialogue with other church bodies for decades. In fact, the ELCA has entered into cooperative “full communion” agreements (sharing common convictions about theology, mission and worship) with several other Protestant denominations, including:
As part of the ELCA, Christ Our Shepherd has an ongoing dialogue with the Roman Catholic Church, and in 1999, representatives of the Lutheran World Federation and the Roman Catholic Church signed the Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification. This represented a historic consensus on key issues of faith and called for further dialogue and study together.
To learn more about these ecumenical relationships, visit Ecumenical and Inter-Religious Relations.